Multi-client lobbyists are often described as “gatekeepers” to state officials because of their personal relationships and broad range of expertise. State lobbying laws prohibit these multi-client lobbyists from lobbying on both sides of a particular piece of legislation or other governmental action, but nothing prohibits a fossil fuel lobbyist from also working for a company or an organization that is being negatively impacted by the climate crisis.

Research by F Minus reveals a political landscape in which victims of the crisis and advocates for Net Zero and other climate goals routinely hire lobbyists who are promoting further dependence on fossil fuels on behalf of their other clients.

Local Governments

Some of the country’s most climate-conscious local governments–and communities being hardest-hit by the climate crisis–employ lobbyists who also work for the fossil fuel industry. Research by F Minus reveals thousands of towns, cities, and counties whose employment of fossil fuel lobbyists is radically at odds with their own plans to deal with the crisis.

Learn more


More than 150 colleges and universities employed fossil fuel lobbyists in 2022, including many that have moved to divest from fossil fuels, such as Dartmouth, California State, the University of Washington, the University of Illinois, the University of Maryland, and the Johns Hopkins University.

Learn more


Several national and dozens of local organizations who work for wildlife conservation, emissions reductions, and other solutions to the climate crisis employ lobbyists who also work for the fossil fuel industry. The motives for these conservation groups employing coal, oil, and gas lobbyists may vary but the impact of this strategy is to help these fossil fuel lobbyists present themselves as environmentalists.

Learn more

Support Our Work

Help us build a movement to divest from fossil fuel lobbyists.

Scroll to Top